not

not
adv. expressing negation, esp.:
1 (also n't joined to a preceding verb) following an auxiliary verb or be or (in a question) the subject of such a verb (I cannot say; she isn't there; didn't you tell me?; am I not right?; aren't we smart?).
Usage:
Use with other verbs is now archaic (I know not; fear not), except with participles and infinitives (not knowing, I cannot say; we asked them not to come).
2 used elliptically for a negative sentence or verb or phrase (Is she coming? — I hope not; Do you want it? — Certainly not!).
3 used to express the negative of other words (not a single one was left; Are they pleased? - Not they; he is not my cousin, but my nephew).
Phrases and idioms:
not at all (in polite reply to thanks) there is no need for thanks. not but what archaic
1 all the same; nevertheless (I cannot do it; not but what a stronger man might).
2 not such ... or so ... that ... not (not such a fool but what he can see it). not half see HALF. not least with considerable importance, notably. not much see MUCH.
not quite
1 almost (am not quite there).
2 noticeably not (not quite proper). not that (foll. by clause) it is not to be inferred that (if he said so - not that he ever did - he lied). not a thing nothing at all. not very see VERY.
Etymology: ME contr. of NOUGHT

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Not — not …   Medieval glossary

  • not — W1S1 [nɔt US na:t] adv [Date: 1300 1400; Origin: nought] 1.) used to make a word, statement, or question negative ▪ Most of the stores do not open until 10am. ▪ She s not a very nice person. ▪ You were wrong not to inform the police. ▪ Can we go… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • not — [ nat ] adverb *** 1. ) used for making negatives a ) used for making a sentence, expression, or word negative: He would not listen to anything she said. Barbara s not coming to the party. I don t feel sorry for her. Do not forget your promise.… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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  • Not — Not, adv. [OE. not, noht, nought, naught, the same word as E. naught. See {Naught}.] A word used to express negation, prohibition, denial, or refusal. [1913 Webster] Not one word spake he more than was need. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Thou shalt not …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Not — [Contr. from ne wot. See 2d {Note}.] Wot not; know not; knows not. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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